There is a perception that the blues is when you feel bad. The blues mood is when you think bad or regret something. You got fired from your job - you get the blues. Girlfriend left you - you get the blues. Your dog is about to die - you get the blues. Perhaps no other form of music expresses such strong emotional experiences, from unbridled joy to deep sadness. The blues is deeply rooted in American history, particularly in the history of African Americans.
The blues originated on southern plantations in the 19th century. Its inventors were slaves who sang while toiling in the cotton fields. It is generally accepted that blues music emerged as a genre based on African spirituals, work songs, drum music and country dance music. The birthplace of the blues is believed to be the Mississippi Delta and upriver from New Orleans, the birthplace of jazz. Blues and jazz have always influenced each other, and they still interact in countless ways. The blues spread significantly from the South to the Midwest in the 1930s and 1940s. After the Delta blues made their way to urban areas, it evolved into the electrified Chicago blues, and other blues styles and various jazz-blues hybrids also emerged. Ten years or so later, rhythm and blues and rock and roll were born on the basis of the blues. In the second half of the 19th century, the southern states were home to hundreds of bluesmen, thanks to whom the blues developed as a genre. Unfortunately, most of this original music followed the performers into the next world. But the legacy of these early blues pioneers can still be heard on older recordings from the 20s and 30s. These are records from the southern states. Such as Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, Mississippi and others This music did not stray very far from plantation songs and slave labor songs. Many of the early blues musicians incorporated the blues into a broader repertoire that consisted of traditional folk songs, vaudeville music, and minstrel tunes. Without going too deep into the technical side, we can say that the most common blues consisting of 12 measures. The blues also uses a specific set of rules. The scale on which the melody is built differs in special - blues notes. Notable blues pioneers from the 1920s such as Dream House, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Leadbelly, Charlie Patton, and Robert Johnson routinely sing and accompany themselves on guitar. Sometimes they teamed up with one or more comrades and thus created the first ensembles. Early blues performers used guitars, mandolins, banjos, kazu, string basses, harmonicas, violins, washboards, and other household items converted to musical instruments. When country blues moved to cities and other places, it took on different regional characteristics. So there is now the St. Louis blues, Memphis blues, Louisiana blues, etc. Chicago bluesmen such as John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters pioneered the electrified blues and added drums and pianos in the late 1940s. There are many different styles of blues today. The main forms include: Traditional Blues: Blues of the Mississippi River Delta, Piedmont and other rural areas Jump Blues: A danceable amalgam of swing and blues (predecessor to R&B), and the first famous performer was Louis Jordan Boogie Woogie: A blues-based piano style popularized by Meade Lux Lewis, Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson Ragtime: a style of music played on the piano Chicago Blues: Delta Blues, Cool Blues (complex piano-based style, with a lot of jazz influences) West Coast Blues: Popularized primarily by musicians from Texas who moved to California. West Coast Blues is heavily influenced by Swing The Texas Blues, Memphis Blues, and St. Louis Blues are comprised of a wide range of subgenres Louisiana blues is characterized by playing a slide guitar or harmonica with zing, while the Kansas City blues is focused on jazz (Count Basie) There is also British blues, pioneered by John Mayall, Peter Green and Eric Clapton, New Orleans blues, which is based on the piano, with the exception of talented guitarists such as Guitar Slim and Snooks Eaglin. You can also name a lot of modern musicians who play in the blues rock style.